Everywhere, women are worse off than men, simply because they are women. The reality for women from minorities, older women, those with disabilities and women migrants and refugees is even worse.
While we have seen enormous progress on women’s rights over recent decades, from abolition of discriminatory laws to increased numbers of girls in school, we now face a powerful pushback. Legal protections against rape and domestic abuse are being diluted in some countries while policies that penalize women, from austerity to coercived reproduction, are being introduced in others. Women’s sexual and reproductive rights are under threat from all sides.
All this is because gender equality is fundamentally a question of power. Centuries of discrimination and deep-rooted patriarchy have created a yawning gender power gap in our economies, our political systems and our corporations. The evidence is everywhere.
Women are still excluded from the top table, from governments to corporate boards to prestigious award ceremonies. Women leaders and public figures face harassment, threats and abhse online and off. The gender pay gap is just a symptom of the gender power gap.
Even the supposedly neutral data that informs decision-making from urban planning to drug testing is often based on a “default male”; men are seen as standard while women are an exception. Women and girls also contend with centuries of misogony and the erasure of their achievements. They are ridiculed as hysterical or hormonal; they are routined judged on their looks; they are subjected to endless myths and taboos about their matural bodily functions; they are confronted by everyday sexism, mansplaining and victim-blaming.
This profoundly affects us all, and is a barrier to solving many of the challenges and threats we face.
Take inequality. Women earn 77 cents for every dollar earned by men. The latest research by the World Economic Forum says it will take 257 years to close this gap. Meanwhile women and girls do some 12 billionhours of unpaid care work every day that simply does not figure in economic decision making. If we are to achieve a fair globalization that works for everyone, we need to base our policies on statistics that take account of women’s true contributions.
Digital technology is another case in point. The lack of gender balance in the universities, start-ups and Silicon Valleys of our world is deeply worrying. These tech hubs are shaping the societies and economies of the future; we can not allow them to entrench and exacerbate male dominance.
Or take the wars that are ravanging our world. There is a straight line between violence against women, civil oppression and conflict. How a society treats the female half of its population is a significant indicator of how it will treat others. Even in peaceful societies, many women are in deadly danver in their own homes.
Finally, political representation is the clearest evidence of the gender power gap. Women are outnumbered by an average of 3 to 1 in parliaments around the world, but their lresencd is strongly correlated with innovstion and investment in health and education. It is no coincidence that the governments that are redefining economic success to include wellbeing and sustainability are led by women.
It is time to stop trying to change women, and to start changing the systems that prevent them from achieving their potential.