According to Parliament's rules of procedure, in order to form a political group, 25 MEPs from at least a quarter of the Member States, from at least seven countries, must participate. MEPs can only be members of one political group or remain in the EP as "unregistered". This last category currently includes 37 members of the EP. A political group can be set up at any time during the parliamentary term. 7 groups meet the criteria at the moment.
What are political groups and how are they formed?
After elections, MEPs usually join existing political groups or form new ones.
The political groups enjoy specific advantages, such as participating in the shaping of the EP agenda, gaining additional speaking time in discussions, additional offices, staff and funding. They also decide on the establishment of parliamentary committees and delegations.
The following are the political groups as formed on November 3, 2021:
Group of the European People's Party (EPP) (179 members)
Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D) (146 members
Renew Europe group 98
Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) (73 members)
Identity and Democracy (ID (70 members)
European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) ( 63 members)
The Left (39 members)
Allocation of seats in the plenary hall:
The decision on how to allocate the seats of the political groups, the non-attached MEPs and the representatives of the EU institutions to the EP Semicircle is taken by the Conference of Presidents (ie the leaders of the political groups and the President of the European Parliament) at the beginning of each parliamentary term. In previous parliamentary terms, the seats of the political groups formed a pie chart in the Semicircle, with all the leaders in the front row. The exceptions concerned new political groups formed during the House's term of office.
Οι 7 πολιτικές ομάδες του Κοινοβουλίου | Επικαιρότητα | Ευρωπαϊκό Κοινοβούλιο (europa.eu)
Κατανομή των θέσεων στην αίθουσα της ολομέλειας | Επικαιρότητα | Ευρωπαϊκό Κοινοβούλιο (europa.eu)