At the end of May, a major accident occurred at the thermal power plant in Norilsk: more than 20 thousand tons of diesel fuel fell into the soil and rivers. This is one of the largest oil spills in the history of Russia and the Arctic region, but thousands of them happen every year around the world. Some spills in terms of impact on ecosystems are not inferior to Chernobyl or Fukushima. And I know the volunteers who went there, including 1 person from Germany, who was in Russia at the time of the disaster, in isolation. It is important to be in solidarity with the environment. I know that there are many environmental projects in France and Spain, where volunteers help animals who are hit by plastic rubbish or an oil spill. They wash and save animals. Clean the coast of debris. And now a tragedy has occurred in Russia, with which I want to be in solidarity, like all of Europe.
Like radiation emissions, oil can create “exclusion zones” - dead zones where living organisms suffer from a lack of oxygen or are poisoned by oil compounds. Nevertheless, such incidents are usually poorly investigated, and their consequences for the ecosystem have been studied incredibly poorly.
In addition to the direct threat to the planet and humanity arising from the burning of minerals, the extraction and transportation of oil has other side effects: unpredictable oil spills that sometimes lead to deaths, but the ecosystem suffers the most and irreparable damage, especially spills in the seas and oceans .
Such disasters began to occur much earlier than the discovery of nuclear energy - the first cases were recorded at the very beginning of the twentieth century. Many oil tankers were flooded during World War II - up to 20 thousand tons of oil per week in the first months of the war went to the Atlantic. Since the end of the 1980s, not a year has passed without oil spills in the world, and starting from zero every year there are an average of 6 major disasters.
Judging by the methods of oil production, mankind has reached a dizzying level of technological development: deep-sea drilling, shale oil production, complex oil refining processes. Research in this area is supported by the enormous financial interests of oil companies. But when it comes to eliminating the unforeseen consequences of oil production, all progress is somewhere scattered - and in the hands of the liquidators are quite primitive means.
As with the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, where in the long term nothing more technological was invented than covering the exploding reactor with a huge sarcophagus, so in the fight against the consequences of the black gold spill, imaginative devices are used - fencing buoys on the water a meter high and chemical dispersants that break the film of oil into small droplets and are toxic in themselves.
I am pleased to realize that the fate of our planet is not indifferent to the participants in ESK projects. During your project, someone is caring for the elderly. Someone on the project teaches children. Someone is working in the office. And someone will save nature from destruction. Man is the most dangerous animal on the planet. Which can destroy all life in one second, simply by its innocence. It is very sad. But there are "animals" which are the opposite, although they preserve and save nature. This is the real "Homo sapiens." If you read the Nobel laureate Yuval Harari, a book with that title, you know what a person and his instincts are capable of. It is important to understand that conscious consumption, the protection of nature and responsibility for the conservation of nature - this is the main power of man, and not money and power. This is all empty. Each of us on the project is able to preserve this knowledge for the new generation.