RAMYSH (Kutter / Kutter; Popovka; also Pfaffenkutter / Pfaffenkutter, Parafey-Khutor, Brening / Brehning, Neumann / Neumann), Lutheran-Reformed village, founded on July 8, 1767, founded at the confluence of r. Popovka in p. Karamysh, 65 km south-west of Saratov. Until 1917, it was part of the Sosnovsky colonist district (since 1871 - the Sosnovsky volost, later it was a part of the Ust-Zolikhinskoy and then the Golo-Karamysh volost) of the Kamyshin district of the Saratov province. In the Soviet period - first Karamyshsky district, Golo-Karamyshsky district, Labor commune (Region) of the Volga Germans, and since 1922 - Golo-Karamyshsky (in 1927 renamed to Balzer) of the canton. Now with. Karamysh Krasnoarmeysky district of the Saratov region, included in the Vysokovsky rural settlement. Residents: 262 (1767), 353 (1773), 482 (1788; 78 families), 574 (1798; 73 families), 850 (1816; 111 families), 1398 (1834; 154 families), 2042 (1850; 161 families ), 2190 (1857; 174 seven), 2412 (1859), 2357 (1886), 2124 (1897; 100% Germans), 4108 (1905), 4343 (1911), 2833 (1920), 2068 (1922), 2114 (1926; 2112 Germans), 2220 (1931; 100% Germans). The birthplace of Lutheran pastor Alexander Shtrek (1883– after 1938).
Crown colony. Founded 79 families from Isenburg, Hesse and Prussia. Among the first settlers were the colony Forstegher, the craftsman from Hanau Kristov Brening, Johann Just Krol, and Andreas Goetz from Würzburg, the bread farmers from Isenburg Johannes Loos, and Andreas Schneider, the bread farmer from Kurpfalz Johannes Kremer, the craftsman from Isenburg, and the Beacon of the company from the Isenburg Johannes Kremer, the craftsman from Isenburg, and the Andreans Schneider, the bread farmer from Kurpfalz Johannes Kremer, the craftsman from Isenburg, and the Beacon of the company, I’ve made a call from the company, I’ve made a call from the company, I’ve made a call from the company, I’ve made a call from the company, I’ve made a call from the company, I’ve been The name “Bringing” was named after the first headman; "Cutter" - from the Russian word "farm". By decree of February 26, 1768, the names of the German colonies received the official name Popovka.
The village belonged to the Lutheran parish of Messer (Ust-Zolikh). The wooden church was built in 1809, rebuilt in 1852, remained wooden.
In 1769, 79 families lived in the colony, of which 78 were families capable of tillage and 1 was incapable; they numbered 288 people. The colonists had cattle: 167 horses, 4 oxen, 167 cows and calves, 4 sheep, 17 pigs. In the summer of 1768, 694 quarters and 2 quadruples (138.9 cubic meters) of bread were threshed; in the autumn of 1768, 160 quarters (32 cubic meters) of rye were sown. The colony had 60 houses, 28 barns, and 66 stables. In 1860, the village had 173 courtyards, 1,234 men and 1,178 women (2412 people in total), a Lutheran church, a school, a dye-house, a sarpink institution, and a mill.
During 1874–1875 73 people left the village for America. According to the census census of 1886, there were 309 cash householders (2357 people) in the colony, in addition, 136 families of permanently absent and 4 families of outside populations; literate were 714 men and 712 women. Of the 307 residential stone buildings, 204, wooden houses, 103, covered with iron, 2, chocks, 53, thatched, 252. Two houses were two-story, industrial establishments were 9, two taverns, and four shops. The villagers had: 218 plows, 36 winders, one thresher. Of the three bread shops available (wooden, covered with boards), one was used, the others were dilapidated buildings. In the 1880s, a public water mill on the Karamysh River gave an income of 300 rubles per year. In 1891 there were 301 courtyards in the colony, 1,650 men and 1629 women lived, there was a wooden church covered with iron, parochial and comradely schools. In 1894 the buildings were wooden, made of wild stone and brick, mostly covered with straw, about a quarter with wood and 4 houses with iron. Land allotment in 1910 was 7352 tithes. In 1917 there was a weaving artel.
During the famine of 1921, 50 people were born, died - 414. In the 1920s there were: a cooperative shop, an agricultural credit partnership, an elementary school, and a reading room. In 1926, the village council included: s. Cutter, Scheffer Steam Mill. In the 1930s, there was a collective farm “10 years of autonomy for the Volga Germans,” and an eight-year school operated.
In September, the population was deported to the east. July 2, 1942 Kuttersky village council renamed Karamysh.
In 1995 an incomplete secondary school opened, there is a village club. Among the surviving German buildings is a brick house with the date "1912". In place of the demolished church is a wasteland. Separate German graves and gravestones are preserved in the cemetery.
1) Knyazeva E.E., Solovyov G.F. Lutheran churches and parishes of Russia. XVIII – XX centuries: Istor. directory. Part 1. - SPb., 2001.
2) Germans of Russia. Settlements and places of settlement: entsikl. vocabulary. / Comp. V.F. Dizendorf. 3rd revised Internet edition. - 2011.
3) Geschichte der Wolgadeutschen http://wolgadeutsche.ru/list/kutter.htm
4) Pleve I. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet. 1764-1767. Bd. 2: Kolonien Galka - Kutter. - Göttingen, 2001.