How viruses "shape" the world (Economist).
Alternative studies In Leipzig, as part of a research by Halle University, three pop concerts have been organized in which four thousand volunteers between 18 and 50 years old will take part to study the risks related to the spread of the virus during indoor events (Bbc).
Here Italy In the last 24 hours 1,071 new cases and three deaths have been recorded (Il Sole 24 Ore). According to the Higher Institute of Health, the infectiousness index Rt, currently equal to 0.83, could be underestimated because calculated considering only symptomatic cases (La Stampa).
Health Minister Roberto Speranza reassures: "There will not be a new lockdown" (La Stampa).
Because we must be careful to compare the current and May contagions (Il Post).
Because, although we know the risk, we tend to lower our guard (Washington Post).
France is the European country where the Sars-cov-2 epidemic is advancing fastest. On August 20, the country recorded 4,771 new infections, about a thousand more than the previous day. This is the highest figure since April 15. There were twelve deaths on the same day. The number of outbreaks monitored by health authorities has also increased in the country, currently 266. According to the government, there are 31 departments in a situation of "moderate or significant risk". The health authorities warn that the increase in the number of infections cannot be explained by the fact that more swabs are being taken, because the cases are increasing at a rate much higher than the increase in testing. However, ICU admissions remain stable, suggesting that the epidemic is not significantly worsening for the time being. At the moment, the government has no plans to back down on the reopening of schools, scheduled for September 1. Protective measures require school staff and every child over the age of 11 to wear the mask. Since the beginning of the emergency, France has had about 230,000 cases and 30,000 dead.
Infections are also increasing in Germany, which recorded 1,424 cases on August 20, bringing the total since the beginning of the epidemic to 230,048. In addition, 41 schools in Berlin announced that they had had cases of covid-19 after the reopening of institutions in the capital two weeks ago. In Russia on August 20, there were 4,870 new infections. In addition, there were ninety deaths in the latter country, bringing the total number of deaths to 16,189.
The situation in Spain remains worrying. Fernando Simón, responsible for the emergency response, admitted that things "are not going well". In the last two weeks the country has registered 66,000 new infections, more than any other European country. More than a quarter of these infections occurred in the region of Madrid, epicenter of the epidemic in April and May. In the last seven days there have been 131 deaths in the country, compared to twelve deaths a month ago. These data have led the authorities to impose a series of measures, from the closure of nightclubs to reduced hours for restaurants and bars.
In Birmingham, the second largest city in the UK, the lockdown could again be imposed after new cases of covid-19 increased by 27 percent in the last week.
In Ireland, Minister of Agriculture Dara Calleary resigned after it was discovered that she had attended an event at a golf club, violating the rules on social distancing. The news spread the day after the government had taken stricter measures to contain the spread of the virus.
India is close to 3 million cases, having recorded 68,000 infections in the last 24 hours. In the same period there have been 983 deaths, bringing the total budget to 54,894.
In South Korea the situation is "serious", according to health authorities, who are trying to track down thousands of people who attended a conservative rally against the government last weekend. The contagions are said to have started from church members who were at the event.
The state of Victoria, Australia, recorded 179 cases of covid-19 on 20 August, the lowest figure in the last five weeks, a sign that the outbreak that led the authorities to isolate the city of Melbourne is under control.
In Hungary, President Viktor Orbán announced that his government will tighten border controls to prevent entry from neighbouring countries, where infections are increasing. In addition, the president said he wants to present a two-year plan to relaunch the economy. In the second quarter of the year, economic production fell by 13.6%.
In California, in the United States, the authorities fear that the large fires that are hitting some areas of the state may further worsen the health crisis caused by covid-19. In fact, at least 25,000 people have been forced to leave their homes and have been moved to emergency shelters, where, however, places are becoming scarce, with the risk that overcrowding will increase contagion. At the moment California has 653,000 infected and 11,801 dead. On August 20 the new cases were 6,600.