The document is called “The Immigration Law of Highly Qualified Specialists” (German: Fachkräfte-Einwanderungsgesetz). Its provisions apply not only to professionals with university diplomas, but also to workers with secondary special education. The German economy is in dire need of those and others.
Personnel hunger has a demographic nature. The rate of aging of society exceeds the birth rate. Every year in the country it becomes three hundred thousand workers less: they retire, and they are not replaced by so many. On average, for all groups of occupations, the lack of personnel is 23%, the number of vacancies has exceeded 1.2 million! In 2015, when refugees poured into Germany, joyful voices were heard: that's who will take vacant jobs! Alas, the skill level of those who self-propelled gets to Germany, does not meet expectations.
The purpose of the new law is to attract truly qualified specialists from third countries (as in Germany they call states that are not related to the European Union and to the industrialized countries of the West, where comparable criteria for assessing qualifications operate). The authors of the bill expect to simplify and make transparent the system of comparison and recognition of qualifications. Instead of the current one and a half thousand (!) Organizations and departments that check and confirm diplomas in various industries, there is a single department. Instead of a long procedure for the recognition of a diploma (a document on vocational education) - expedited consideration within a few months.
Skeptics argue that it will not be possible to speed up the procedure because of the insurmountable difference in education standards in Germany and third countries. If you recognize the diplomas "without looking", then the country's economy will receive instead of personnel a time bomb.
The difference in standards can only be overcome by luring young people from third countries for vocational training in Germany. After that, they could equally claim the local vacancies. There is a similar provision in the bill. But will it work? The most important requirement for those who wish to learn is a confident command of the German language. And with this, whatever you say, the Arab, Afghan, Pakistani, Chinese, and Russian youth are problems.
Another innovation: the law will allow those who do not yet have a workplace, but are planning to find it, to enter the country and give half a year to search for a dream job. In the meantime, only those who already have a specific proposal from the employer and have passed the so-called priority check can arrive in Germany, a process where the Federal Employment Agency checks whether priority was given in providing vacant seats to first citizens of Germany, then to EU citizens and only then - other countries.
The ruling coalition, which includes Christian Democrats and Social Democrats, hopes that the document, on which high hopes are placed, will be adopted in the first reading even before the Christmas holidays, and finally - in the first quarter of 2020.
The rate on the speed of passage of the bill is opportunistic in nature. The success of the election of the new leadership of the Christian Democratic Union, scheduled for December 7–8, and the name of the future candidate for the post of federal chancellor depend on his success. It is not for nothing that the current chancellor, Angela Merkel, calls the future law "the central project."