Graduates of gymnasiums and their parents fit to stock up on valerian: if the trend of the last nine years continues, then this year even more students will not pass the examination for the certificate of maturity (German. Abitur). In 2017, every 26th applicant failed to graduate. The exams are especially difficult for the Mecklenburg residents: two years ago in the north-east of the country graduated from the gymnasium with the certificate every 14th.
Some experts believe that the exam on the certificate of maturity has become more difficult. Modern high school students are under pressure from lack of time, the desire to embrace the immense in the study of school subjects, especially at the highest level. And this, on the contrary, is evidence of increased ambitions, more energetic craving for higher education.
Approximately every third adult resident of Germany has a certificate of secondary general education. That does not necessarily mean that he went to the university and graduated from it: you just need to understand that the exams that passed the certificate of maturity give the right to enter higher educational institutions (as a rule, there are no entrance exams).
The proportion of people with a certificate is the highest among school leavers. Slightly lower, by one and a half percent, is the proportion of graduates with secondary education who have completed nine classes of general school (German: Hauptschule). A bit lower, by less than a percentage, is the share of graduates with an intermediate-level certificate, that is, a real school (German Realschule). This certificate does not open the doors of universities, but gives a preferential right to pass exams for the certificate of maturity. A higher proportion of high school graduates who have passed the final exams than graduates with certificates of general and real schools, speaks of the prestige of education, especially higher education.
But be that as it may, in 2017 (the most recent data that passed the official statistical processing), certificates for the certificate of maturity failed 3.78% of graduates. This was recently announced at a conference of ministers of culture of all 16 lands - the highest body that coordinates federal education policy in Germany. It was also stressed that in 2009 the share of failed did not exceed 2.34%. That is, the number of high-school students, for whom the nut enrollment turned out to be too tough, has increased over half a year in less than ten years.
This trend can be traced in almost all lands. Thus, in North Rhine-Westphalia at the beginning of this decade, the share of failures at the final examinations was only 1.9%, and in the middle of the century it jumped to 2.8%. The last indicator, that is, in 2017, is 3.5%. In the less prosperous Bremen - 5.8%. And ten years before it was 2.4%. That is more than double the height! The situation is bad in Berlin: 6% of those who fell through and another in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, where 7% were inundated.
Beat the alarm or coolly monitor the situation? Conference participants did not reach a consensus on this issue. The Minister of Culture of Lower Saxony, Grant Hendrik Tonnay, explains the growth of failures by the fact that graduates are set too high. “The requirements must remain high, even despite the fact that in our land there is a certain inflation of high marks on the exams,” he says. In other words, more and more guys get very high marks, but less and less - they really demonstrate deep knowledge. The average mark in the certificate in Lower Saxony is 2.57 points (recall that the highest mark in Germany is one, and the lowest six) does not cause him anxiety, although this is the worst result in the country. The best GPA is 2.18 in Thuringia. But skepticism about the knowledge of high school graduates from this federal state reigns in the country's universities. Any university professor will say that the unit in the certificate of an applicant from Thuringia is not equal to one in the same document of ex-gymnasts from Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia. On average in Germany, one out of four applicants have a total passport score of one with a tail.
At the conference, the idea was also expressed that the growth of failures at the exams was due to an increase in the number of schoolchildren rushing to the gymnasium in order to enter higher education institutions later. Previously, this elite share was much more modest. For example, among the current 25-year-olds in Germany, 53% have a secondary general education certificate, and among those over sixty, the strength is a quarter.
More and more German students do not have a secondary general education certificate at all. Last year there were about 60 thousand of them. Thus, over the past ten years, the number of those who went to college after college has increased fourfold. The certificate in this case replaces the diploma of professional education and work experience in the profession.