The lessons of sexuality education in German schools have long been a subject of lively controversy: many parents are outraged by the controversial choice of educational material, too early or too frankly devoting their offspring to the mysteries of carnal love.
Others, on the contrary, are glad that children call things by their proper names and they do not have to blush to choose words about this in home conversations.
In (West) Germany, sex education was included in the curriculum in 1968. The goal of this program was to inform school children about family planning, ways of protection and thereby reduce the risks of psychological trauma, sexually transmitted infections and early pregnancy. The reform worked. However, ten years after numerous protests, the Federal Constitutional Court decided to restrict the flow of information. From now on, school teachers, talking about sexual relations, had to take into account the religion and worldview of students and inform parents about the content and methods of conducting lessons. At the same time, the decision on the forms of sexual education remained a matter of federal lands.
For example, in Bavaria, in the first and second grades, school children receive only general information about the distinctive sexual characteristics of a girl and a boy and, within the framework of protection from sexual harassment, learn to resist unpleasant touches. At the same time, school children are not required to transfer information in their own words or in the form of pictures. It is only in the fifth grade that the subject of the emergence of human life is addressed in the lesson.
The Berlin school children, by contrast, already in the third and fourth grades, turn to the topic of conception and birth, as well as to the problems of heterosexual and homosexual relations. In one of the elementary schools, the lessons even used the edition “Where did you come from?” By Sonya Hurdin. The book is richly illustrated with pretty piquant pictures, and it contains detailed descriptions of sexual intercourse, in particular, an orgasm. A teacher who taught first-graders basic sexuality, ignored the attempts of parents to discuss the topic. Only after the story hit the pages of local tabloids, it was removed from office.
It's time to silence and taboo everything related to sex is long gone. But how to treat it all the same? After all, sometimes even progressive parents get lost, staying one-on-one with enlightened children or accidentally bumping into the Internet at Bravo magazine, where Dr. Sommertiy, like 30 years ago, leads the Question-Answer column. The fact that 13-year-olds are asking now in an online format horrifies even the initiators of the reforms.
Our scientists paid attention to this, and in the 80s. The first domestic course “Ethics and Psychology of Family Life” was developed with inserts “about it” for independent reading. Responsibility for the sexual education of the student thus lay on the shoulders of parents. Since then, little has changed, and the basics of the intimate life of Russian school children are told only in high school.
In Russia, arguing about sexual education programs is just beginning. Young parents increasingly say that children need the help of professional psychologists and educators. They need to tell. But the last word still remains with the director of the institution. He is worried - is it possible?