Buckle up for a complicated story of copyright laws and prepare to be outraged.
The art of new media in Europe is a genre encompassing works created with the help of new media technologies, including digital art, computer graphics, computer animation, virtual art, network art, interactive art, computer robotics, and biotechnology. The term shows the difference between cultural objects, opposing the works of old visual art (traditional painting, sculpture, etc.). This connection to the way of working is the key to most modern art, which allows many schools of art and universities to offer disciplines on “New Genres” or “New Media”.The interests of the art of new media are often in the field of telecommunications, media and digital ways of presenting works of art and attracting attention to them, using the practices of conceptual and virtual art, as well as performance and installation.
I want to talk a little bit about the 13th amendment in the law)
Are you European? Do you like memes? How about parodies? Remixes? Well, too damn bad, because the European Parliament just changed the rules of the internet on your behalf. Buckle up for a complicated story of copyright laws and prepare to be outraged.
Copyright in the Digital Age
First thing’s first.
Before we get to the story of how the internet will never be the same again, let me give you some context. Copyright is a legal means of protecting an author’s work. It’s a type of intellectual property that provides exclusive publication, distribution, and usage rights for the author. Within the European Union, copyright law has undergone modifications since 2001. The purpose was to unify copyrighting and adjust it to the ever-changing digital and technological times. This led to the EU Copyright Directive, or EUCD, stirring some controversy with the general public. EUCD has 15 articles in total. They mainly address how each member state can implement and ensure fair pay and distribution rights. Spoiler alert: the main concerns lie with Article 11 and Article 13.
The key figure through the final plenary debates for the EUCD has been German MEP, Axel Voss.Axel Voss has been a key figure in getting Articles 11 and 13 through the European Parliament.
Time to get familiar with him. Voss has been a strong proponent of the EUCD. He’s mentioned numerous times that platforms should take more responsibility for the content they host. His main reasoning is that if Netflix and Spotify buy licenses, so can YouTube and Facebook. People were quick to point out that it’s like comparing apples and oranges, but this didn’t change his mind. Despite contradictions in his statements and constant criticism, Voss simply claimed he’s not a software technician.
A European internet regulated by Article 13 would be something quite hard to adjust to. It’s possible that memes, parodies, remixes, or critical opinions no longer have a place online.
The delegation from Russia was the most numerous. Representatives of youth clubs from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Samara, Magnitogorsk, Zlatoust, Ivanovo, Novosibirsk, Barnaul and Kazan took part in it.
Participants from Moscow and Magnitogorsk share their impressions.
Marina Zgura (activist MK "Warum would nicht", Moscow):
“Who owns the information - owns the world,” Nathan Rothschild said more than 200 years ago and was absolutely right. In today's world, it is important not only to quickly obtain information, but also to bring it to your target audience.
This and other topics were reviewed at the Medien in der Jugendarbeit workshop on informational work as part of an exchange of specialists held in Berlin and Neudorf.
The uniqueness of this workshop was the fact that it first brought together about 50 participants from 5 countries.
The workshop included not only discussions, discussions and lectures, but also was rich in its practical part. Participants were able to learn and work with new programs and applications for mobile phones, with the help of which one can significantly improve, speed up and diversify the content of posts published in various social networks. Video editing, working with sound, working in front of the camera, creating your own scenes, working with a flipchart and visualization are just some of the topics of the 10-day program. ”
Arina Gugina (activist of MK Geistesblitz, Magnitogorsk):
“The exchange of experts was a great success! Participants learned a lot of interesting and new on the use of media in youth work. Seminars and workshops were top notch, as was the project as a whole! In order not to sit all ten days in 4 walls, a quest for Berlin was held for the participants. The uniqueness of this format was that we had neither a guide, nor a tour bus, but only a smartphone and our legs. We walked through the most famous places in Berlin, took a hundred photos, completed (or tried to do) all the tasks, froze, warmed with mulled wine and got a lot of positive emotions. You can say for sure that this is the most amazing format for exploring any city (and not only).
In the remaining days, we were waited by not less interesting work:
- we have disassembled applications for processing photos and text;
- created a small presentation and video advertising;
- learned how to properly position themselves in the frame;
- made a graffiti portrait;
- learned drawing on a flipchart;
- and for the last 2 days, three groups have been working on their own projects on the topics “Animation”, “Audio Workshop” and “Video Workshop”.
EUCD supporters say that nothing significant will change on the Internet. But opponents are afraid of the censorship.YouTube's Content ID was previously at the center of a controversy over mislabeling copyright infringement.To some extent this is understandable. The content ID is just a piece of software. One that can not yet accurately filter out all parodies or content of fair use.One such thing happened in 2018.Professor of music theory, Dr. Ulrich Kaiser, used the free recording of Beethoven’s 5th symphony and obtained copyright.But under German law, the copyright on entries made before January 1, 1963, has expired. They have become public domain and can be used without problems.Thus, even if the copyright owner died a long time ago (Beethoven RIP) and the videos were advanced for educational purposes, the download filter was detrimental to the distribution of cultural content.It is not very beautiful.Unfortunately, this is not the only case where art has not had a chance to be fairly distributed on the Internet.Pianist James Todd also faced a similar situation when he recorded his Bach performance in his living room.The video was shot.
The project was organized by the organization Jugendbund djo-Deutscher Regenbogen, Landesverband Berlin e.V, which is a partner organization of the German youth movement. How do you feel about Articles 11 & 13? What are your main concerns? Let me know in the comments section below.