If we compare these two countries, in Russia the traditions of farewell seem to symbolize not so much the separation or completion of some stage of life, but the fear of an unknown future, as well as the fear of possible condemnation of society if something is done “not according to the rules". In Germany, the tasks of farewell ceremonies are, rather, not in the preservation of traditions, but in making the farewell more fun, devoid of fear of the future, or less sad if possible.
For a long time the school graduation was arranged as a solemn event. Over the past decades, the "ball" was replaced by "dancing", "dancing" - a disco. Recently, in some places they began to arrange balls again, apparently trying to imitate ancient customs. An almost obligatory attribute of the Russian school graduation is the ridiculous outfits of many graduates, which are clearly not suitable for their age, and even for the situation - often 17-year-old girls look like gathered under the bride's crown or as priestesses of love. Parents of graduates for the most part try to take part in this holiday, the program of which is usually built according to the plan: handing out certificates - concert - feast - fireworks - walks at dawn. Graduation in high school usually passes much calmer. Become more modest and graduate outfits. Congratulations from the leadership of the university, plus a gala dinner - perhaps there is no other way to say goodbye to the alma mater.
In Germany, graduation from school is often marked by farewell jokes and sweepstakes. Graduates of prosperous schools have great freedom here, where they look good-naturedly at their jokes. At the request of Abistreich, the search engine issues a whole sea of various photos of graduates in carnival costumes around the city, doused with water, as well as schools wrapped in toilet paper, filled with balloons, posters with cartoons about teachers and caricatures of teachers. Of course, in Russia such liberties are few where allowed.
The military has its own longstanding tradition, which they adhere to, leaving the university and getting officer shoulder straps - this is a farewell to the banner and a friendly coin toss "for good luck."
Farewell to idle life is very diverse, the traditional is only that many consider it their duty to somehow celebrate the last "free" days. At the same time, there are future brides and grooms who are not satisfied with any bachelor and hen parties, but those who are arranging build the program on the basis of their financial capabilities. For those who have the means, it is fashionable to ride a limousine - with music and drinks.
The Germans mark the last days of idle life in a similar way. Usually it is unbridled fun with provocative contests, strong drinks, riding in limousines, as well as walks along the river with delicacies and strippers on board.
The separation from the duty station is usually marked by a small exchange: the one who leaves the center organizes the food of the ex-colleagues, and receives gifts from them. However, this tradition is more characteristic of wires for retirement, and many people do not consider it necessary to emphasize a simple job change. By and large, it all depends on the relationship with former colleagues.
It is not customary for the Germans to pay much attention to the last day at the old workplace. In the German forums, you can find complaints about the complete indifference of former colleagues to someone else leaving work. However, such behavior is not a sign of perfect insensitivity - it often happens that a woman going on maternity leave and disappointed with a cold farewell at work unexpectedly for herself after the birth of her child receives congratulations and gifts from ex-colleagues.
Around the funeral are grouped not so much the traditions as superstitions. In the house of the deceased, all the mirrors are curtained, women wear black headbands, the deceased is taken to the Orthodox Church or to the temple of another denomination — and if the deceased was an atheist, relatives usually do not take this into account and still order the church rite over the body. Not everyone adheres to such traditions, however, those deviating from the general line often receive many unflattering words addressed to those who “know how to”, although they cannot explain the meaning of the actions prescribed by the tradition. It is usual to place a coffin near the entrance of a house so that everyone can say goodbye Until recently, the following phenomena were common: turning over stools, from which the coffin was removed (and sometimes all the chairs in the house) and the obligatory mopping of the house as soon as the deceased was taken to the cemetery. Recently, these ceremonies are less common. But it is almost obligatory for everyone to have another ritual - to throw a handful of earth three times into a buried grave. Clothing is desirable black or dark, the number of colors should certainly be even. Perhaps, one of the wildest and outrageous funeral customs is the tradition, still preserved in some families, to place all his photographs and letters in a coffin to the dead. In fact, this is a symbolic destruction of the memory of the deceased, but some priests of the Russian Orthodox Church bless relatives for such actions.
As for the funeral, it is customary for them in Germany, as in Russia, to come in dark-colored clothes and bring flowers in memory of the dead (whether in even or odd numbers). After the burial, a funeral table is usually arranged - not too plentiful, unlike Russian traditions, it is not for nothing that it is sometimes called “farewell coffee”. Often, the relatives of the deceased are given Beleidskarte - this word can be translated as “greeting card”. In Russia, this is hardly to be found - it is customary to hand cards here solely on happy occasions.
My internship is ending and I finish my job as a reporter for this site. I thank all the editors and everyone who helped me to make reports.