How important is it to have an independent voice in Europe? I think that is very important. I like Berlin for my honesty and integrity. In Berlin, young people, for some reason, always speak honestly and in the eye what they think. I really like it, honesty is a good character trait in a young man. And among the journalists of commercial publications there are honest people, yes I agree, it sounds like a fairy tale, but they are. But what is the role and influence of independent media in Europe?
Free and independent media play a central and irreplaceable role in democracy. The press, radio and television inform citizens independently of the state and parties and thereby contribute to the formation of their opinions. In Germany, this role of the media is enshrined in the Basic Law. However, populist sentiments are increasingly using terms such as fake news to criticize and condemn quality media. And this happens not only in Germany, but throughout the world. Social networks often serve as a platform for expressing one-sided and extremist views on various facts.
The media as a body of oversight of the state and politics.
As an oversight body for political events, various media play a central role in any democracy. That is why the degree of freedom of the press is often seen as an indicator of the democratization of the state. Anglo-Saxon and French traditions often speak of a “fourth power” in a constitutional state; This expression is used even in Germany. Thus, free media are put on a par with the three "branches of government" - the executive, judicial and legislative. However, this term is misleading, since free media are not a separation of powers within the framework of the rule of law, they do not carry out legitimate violence and, accordingly, their role does not correspond to the state function.
In Germany, freedom of the press is enshrined in the Basic Law, which guarantees the media the ability to publish without censorship.The central role of the press in informing the German population is emphasized by the legal right of journalists to receive information from the state. Government agencies must answer press questions, whether they belong to the federal government, federal state, or municipality. This includes parliaments, courts, authorities, and the police.
Help against fake news
The federal government provides detailed information on fake news and how they can be recognized, for example, through fact checking. There are other initiatives that have also pledged to provide reliable information, such as a “fact finding” from the ARD public broadcaster or a “fact checking” from the publicly funded research center correctiv, which also provides information for Facebook.
During your ESK project, I consider it important to see what is fake on the Internet and what is not. Very often, our parents who stayed at home send pictures and videos with fake news to us and other messengers, and then they begin to prove that this is true. This annoys me, because I want to tell my mother that this is all fiction and what she read in the picture is someone's fantasy. And all this did not happen. If it is sometimes difficult for us young people in Europe to cure the truth from a fake, it seems doubly difficult for adults. Therefore, be on the alert and do not trust everything that you see for the first time.